The WAW secretariat organized a mission in Vietnam so as to define with national stakeholders possible activities to be funded under the IFAD grant. Meetings were organized with Key stakeholders, including IPSARD, RUDEC, CIRAD, Ministry of agriculture, government statistics office, IFAD. WAW participated to some key meetings related to the inception of the TCP on livestock monitoring system, including the inception workshop where a presentation was made highlighting key issues and possible action plan for WAW activities. WAW also participated to the Revalter workshop organized by CIRAD on transformations of the livestock sector.
Following the IYFF 2014 and an initial workshop organized by WAW and partners during the 10th symposium of the International Farming System Association, this special issue highlights some threats and opportunities of family farming in a context of agricultural transformations. After an editorial, a general review of transformations process is proposed, ,followed by 5 original studies.
In fine, the articles illustrate a diversity of transformations of farms which are themselves diverse. They show the role of policies and context in shaping these trajectories and highlight different individual and collective coping strategies. They demonstrate the need to take into account, altogether, the dynamics of transformations, the diversity of contexts, and the diversity of farms coexisting in the same territory. Analyzing the characteristics of such diversities and the views of different actors appears notably fundamental to better understand the challenges to implement promoted changes, and to argue the participation of actors in policy dialogue. To implement such approaches, improved studies, data and monitoring systems appear needed along with platforms facilitating multi-stakeholders policy dialogue.
With the aim of targeting policies towards smallholders, Tunisia has recently joined the WAW network and inter-regional collaboration will be facilitated by a newly approved TCP. This TCP aims to reinforce national capacities to better analyze the diversity of agricultural holdings within the country, feeding into more targeted policy and adopted extension methods, while building on experiences from other countries. In Tunisia, the project will benefit from other ongoing initiatives to improve data and farm assessments. These include, more notably, a TCP on small family farming, the preparation of the next agricultural census, an in-depth survey, in collaboration with university and students, of family farms in 3 districts, and a cross-institutional initiative to improve methodologies, collection and analysis data of costs of production of cereals, milk and olives.
INRA and CIRAD produced an updated report proposing a characterization of the French agricultural holdings based on data coming from the censuses 2000 and 2010. A comparison is initiated and leads to trends of transformations achieved during these last 10 years in France.
Following interactions with the regional office of FAO, proposition was made to work with El Salvador considering a rich data base and a strong policy interest on family farming. Various meetings were organized with FAO office in El Salvador FAO as well as with IFAD country program manager of El Salvador. Such meetings confirmed the interest to select El Salvador as a pilot country for the WAW initiative.